Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2014, Page: 24-32
A Reanalysis of the Theory of Interferometer Experiment Demonstrating that Michelson’s Analysis Contains an Error, Including the Boat Model Analysis, so Readmitting the Ether Presence
Ioan Has, Land Forces Academy Sibiu, st. Rapsodiei nr. 6B, bl. Sof 1, sc. B, ap. 9, 240240, Rm. Valcea, Romania
Simona Miclaus, Land Forces Academy, st. Revolutiei. 3-5, 550170 Sibiu, Romania
Aurelian Has, University “C. Brancoveanu”, st. N. Balcescu nr.39, 240200 Rm. Valcea, Romania
Received: Oct. 10, 2014;       Accepted: Oct. 20, 2014;       Published: Oct. 30, 2014
DOI: 10.11648/j.optics.20140304.11      View  3301      Downloads  192
Abstract
Theoretical basis of Michelson interferometer experiment is reanalyzed. Initially we reanalyzed the illustrative model, represented by a boat traversing a river which revealed that the correct transversal trajectory is not an isosceles triangle, but a right triangle. Also in the interferometer, the transversal double light path, considering the ether presence and classical theories of light, we found to be too a right triangle instead isosceles one considered by Michelson. But this new path necessitates zero time difference, for which fringes displacements are not expected, unlike Michelson’s analysis. So we found that the light’s double travel times don’t depend on the interferometer arms directions and so the expected by Michelson fringes displacements, must not appear. The above findings are applicable to other similar experiments with ray double travel, including light, lasers, masers, γ-rays, etc. We demonstrated that Michelson’s experiment correct interpretation does not confirm the relativity of the light speed. Consequently, Michelson’s experiment should not be considered negative concerning the presence of ether which must remain the bearer of the E-M phenomena. Consequently, the Special Relativity Theory (SRT) must be reconsidered, based on Lorentz electromagnetic theory from 1895 and the quanta entanglement and E-M field can be physically explained by the ether presence.
Keywords
General Physics, Geometrical Optics, Light Interference, Michelson Experiment, Ether, SRT
To cite this article
Ioan Has, Simona Miclaus, Aurelian Has, A Reanalysis of the Theory of Interferometer Experiment Demonstrating that Michelson’s Analysis Contains an Error, Including the Boat Model Analysis, so Readmitting the Ether Presence, Optics. Vol. 3, No. 4, 2014, pp. 24-32. doi: 10.11648/j.optics.20140304.11
Reference
[1]
A. A. Michelson, E. W. Morley, On the relative motion of the earth and the luminiferous ether. Am. J. Sci., 34, 333-345, (1887)
[2]
N. Barbulescu, Einstein’s relativity physical basis (in Romanian. Ed. St.& Enc., Bucharest, 1979 p.59,).
[3]
M. Born, Die Relativtatstheorie Einsteins, (in Romanian, Ed. Stiintifica, Bucharest, 1969).
[4]
J. Boutigny, Optique, (Vuibert, Paris, 1983).
[5]
R..P. Feynman, Lectures on physics, Vol. I, (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Massachusetts, 1964.)
[6]
D. Sivoukhine, Cours de physique generale, Tom. IV, (Ed. Mir, Moscou, 1984)
[7]
C. Kittel, W. D Knight, M. A Ruderman, Mechanics, Berkley physics course. Vol. I. (in Romanian), (Ed. Didactica & Pedagogica Bucharest p.335, 1981).
[8]
S. J. Prokhovnik, The logic of special relativity, (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1967)
[9]
E. F. Taylor, J. A. Wheeler, A la decouverte de l’espace-temps, (Dunod, Paris, 1970).
[10]
A. A. Michelson, Studies in optics, (Phoenix Science Series, Chicago, 1968).
[11]
W..G.V. Rosser, An introduction to the theory of relativity. (Butterworths, London, 1964)
[12]
B. Jaffe, Albert Michelson and light speed ( in Romanian, Ed. Stiintifica, Bucharest, 1974).
[13]
I. Has, ’’A reconsideration of the illustrative example of Michelson’s experiment ’’ (in Romanian), Rev. Fizica & Chimie. XXXI/11-12, (Bucharest) 14-18 (1996)
[14]
I. Has, A new interpretation of Michelson’s experiment, (in Romanian). Rev. Fizica & Chimie. XXXII/ 6-7-8, (Bucharest). 1-5 (1997)
[15]
I. Has, The analysis of an alternative light path in Michelson’s experiment. Rom. Rep. Phys. 52, 775-789 (2000)
[16]
I. Has, Considerations about motion phenomena starting from a model for relativity theory. In Volume the IVth Congress of "S. Odobleja" Academy, (Ed. Europa Nova, Bucharest, 1997). 51-65.
[17]
I. Has, S. Miclaus, A. Has, An alternative light path analysis in Michelson’s experiment. Physics Essays. 23, 248-257 (2010)
[18]
I. Has, A. Has, Light paths analysis in classic interferometer conditions. Balkan Phys. Lett. (proc. Suppl. BPL-4) 67-70 (2000)
[19]
H. H. Mark, Speed of light, the vanished points of reference. Optics. 3(2), 12 -14 (2014)
[20]
D. C. Miller. The ether-drift experiment and the determination of the absolute motion of the earth. Rev. Mod. Phys., 5(3), 203-242 (1933).
[21]
R. C. de Miranda Filho. First order effects in the Michelson-Morley experiment. Physics Essays., 15(4), 422-438 (2002).
[22]
H. A. Munera, Michelson-Morley experiment revisited: systematic errors, consistency among different experiments, and compatibility with absolute space. Apeiron 5(1-2), 37-53 (1998).
[23]
H. A. Munera, The effect of solar motion upon the fringe-shift in a Michelson-Morley interferometer a la Miller. Anales de la Fondation Louis de Broglie. 27(3), 463-484 (2002).
[24]
T. S. Jaseja, A. Javan, J. Murray, C. Townes, Test of special relativity or of the isotropy of space by use of infrared masers. Phys. Rev. 133, A1221 (1964)
[25]
R. J. Kennedy, E. M Thorndike, Experimental establishment of the relativity of time. Phys. Rev., 42(3), 300-418 (1932).
Browse journals by subject